2, to create a suitable environmental conditions 1 suitable temperature, body type is smaller, cold ability is poor, when the room temperature is lower than 20 Â°C, the egg production rate will drop significantly. When the temperature is lower than 10Â°C, the production of eggs is stopped, sometimes causing hair loss and even death. The tolerance to high temperatures is strong. When the temperature reaches 35-36Â°C, the egg production does not have a great effect, but the high temperature persists for a long time. The egg production rate will also be significantly reduced, and the optimum temperature for the egg production period is 25 to 30Â°C. Therefore, it is necessary to maintain a balanced indoor temperature environment and not be cold or hot. In winter, it is necessary to do a good job of warming and heat preservation, and in the summer it is necessary to do a good job of cooling and preventing heatstroke.
2 If the humidity and humidity are too high, many pathogenic microorganisms will multiply and breed, which will be detrimental to their health. The indoor relative humidity is preferably 50% to 55%. If the humidity is too high, artificial ventilation can be performed to reduce humidity.
(3) Reasonable light illumination has a great influence on the egg production rate of the mother quail. Reasonable light illumination can enable mother cubs to start production early and increase their egg production. Generally, a day and night light can meet the need of cockroach for 14 hours, but the peak of egg production is high. The period of lighting should be controlled at 16 hours. When the natural light is insufficient, it can be manually supplemented by electric light. Different colors of light act on crickets, and the resulting eggs are also different. It is best to add red light.
4 Appropriate density construction is generally appropriate for horizontal and vertical rows. The number of cultures in each building should be 3,000 to 5,000, and raising too much, overcrowding, will affect normal food intake, rest and breeding, and ventilation. The qi is also poor, and it is also prone to paralyzed filthy feathers, anal fistulas, quail eggs, etc., and infect each other in the event of an infectious disease. It is too little to keep, and it is difficult to guarantee the temperature in winter homes. The size of the shacks is preferably 10 to 12 meters long, 2.70 to 3 meters wide, and 2.70 meters high. Commodity baskets are suitable for 6 layers. Each layer has a height of 20 cm, a length of 40 cm, a width of 50 cm, and an egg tray of 15 cm. The ideal breeding volume for each layer is 30. .
Third, feeding high-quality feeds for quail, the production rate is high, and the requirements for feed quality are also high. After the mother quail begins to lay her eggs, her appetite is strong and she must supply sufficient quality feed. This requires not only high protein content but also good quality. Crude protein should generally account for about 28% of feed. Fishmeal and soybean cake are the main sources of protein in feed, and must be of good quality. It is best to use imported powder for fishmeal. The formula for each stage of feed is as follows: within 35 days of age, 25 kg of corn, 5 kg of soybean cake, 7.5 kg of high-quality fishmeal, 1.5 kg of bran, 100 g of salt, 1 kg of meat powder, and the addition of appropriate trace elements and vitamins; Period, 25 kg of corn, 11 kg of bean cake, 4 kg of high-quality fishmeal, 2.5 kg of cottonseed meal, 2 kg of meat powder, 1.5 kg of bran, 1 kg of powdered flour, 2 kg of powdered stone, 1 kg of powdered shell powder, 100 g of salt, plus a trace amount Elements, vitamins, methionine, etc.
Fourth, establish a strict disease and disease prevention system
1. Do not introduce from areas where there is a disease.
2. The disease must be treated in time for isolation and treatment. For dead worms, it must be buried or burned.
3. Regular Newcastle disease vaccination. The prevention of Newcastle disease is mostly administered by drinking water. The first epidemic prevention is carried out on the 15th day and once every two months thereafter, the dosage is doubled. Wash the drinking equipment thoroughly before inoculation, stop water for 4 hours in winter before inoculation, and inoculate water 2 hours after stopping water in summer. The vaccine requires drinking within 1 hour. Disinfection and antiviral drugs are prohibited during vaccination. Newcastle disease generally has more incidence in winter and early spring. In these two seasons, it is necessary to pay attention to increase feed nutrition and enhance its ability to resist disease when carrying out vaccination.
4. Disinfect regularly. Every time after defecation, it must be disinfected once. Disinfectant is best to use several disinfectants containing different active ingredients in order to be used alternately to improve the disinfection and sterilization effect.
5. The life span of the quail clams used in the current year is generally 2 years. The eggs hatched by the hatchlings begin to lay eggs within 35-45 days. After the eggs are laid 8-10 months later, their egg production rate is reduced. Therefore, less than one year of breeding eggs for breeding, should be eliminated as soon as possible. Select the pupa breeding of the current year, and pay attention to selecting individuals with strong health and no appetite and strong appetite, and ensure that the same broiler breeds the same batch of quail, the whole feed out (out), maintain a high rate of egg production, and improve the raising efficiency . For the elimination of earthworms can be sold after the strengthening of fattening.
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