Green plum health food market has broad prospects for downstream product development

The business club reported on May 17 that Cao Cao led a soldier to a place where there was no water and the soldiers were very thirsty. In order to motivate morale, Cao Cao said to the soldiers, “There is a big piece of plum forest not far ahead of us. It was particularly sweet and sour, and when we arrived, we had a good time.” The soldiers listened, and all of them flowed out of the mouth, no longer thirsty, and the speed of the march was quickened. This is the story of the idiom "look good to quench the thirst." The plums here refer to Ome. It can be seen that Qingmei has a long history of planting in China.

Nutritious origin fruit
Ome (commonly known as "sour plum") is a result of the perennial deciduous tree of the genus Rosaceae. Ome is native to China and China is the world's major producer of green plum. At present, only a few Asian countries such as Japan, South Korea and Thailand grow green plum trees. Although Europe and the United States have a small amount of green plum trees, they are mainly used as ornamental trees and do not harvest fruits. According to historical records, China's planting of green plum has a history of at least 3,000 years. It is best known for the “big fruit and green plums” produced by the four provinces of Fujian, Zhejiang, Suzhou, and Guangdong.

Modern composition analysis showed that the green plum fruit contains protein, fatty acids, organic acids (citric acid, catechin, ursolic acid, picric acid, tannic acid, tartaric acid, etc.), vitamin C, vitamin E, vitamin B1, vitamin B2 And 17 kinds of amino acids and trace elements. Pharmacological studies have confirmed that there is an abundance of SOD (superoxide dismutase) components in Ume. Because it contains a large number of flavonoid active ingredients and SOD, it has anti-free radicals, eliminate body fatigue and anti-aging effects. According to reports, a certain amount of ursolic acid and dipterocarp are also contained in the branches of the ume trees. Ursolic acid is tris-picry acid, which has many functions such as antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, blood pressure lowering, cholesterol lowering, blood sugar lowering and immunity enhancement.

The description of Ome in Chinese TCM books includes "Compendium of Materia Medica": "The plum, the most sour, there is breathlessness, thirst quenching, Zhike, pain relief, typhoid fever, hot and cold diarrhea, swelling and detoxification effect "Shen Nong's Materia Medica" contains: "Mei, sexual sweet and flat, can enter the liver and spleen lung large intestine, there is convergence of fluid effect."

The production and sales of fresh plums are uncertain
Although Qingmei is an indigenous fruit product in China, its former output was relatively small. It is mainly used for the domestic candied fruit industry to produce raw materials for plums or plum preserves. It is basically balanced between production and sales. Since the 1990s, Japanese nutritionists first proposed that Ome has multiple health effects. Therefore, Japanese food purchasers have flooded into China. After purchasing green plum dried fruit or concentrated plum juice, they are shipped back to China and processed into downstream health products. . Due to the large number of foreign purchases, the supply of domestic green plums is very tight. After 2000, the domestic green plum purchase price once soared to around 6 yuan per kilogram. Mountain farmers were encouraged by this good news and began to plant a large number of green plum trees. In particular, the number of green plum trees planted in Zhejiang, Jiangsu, and Fujian’s southern Jiangxi Province is huge. Now these green plum trees have entered the fruit period. According to reports, the output of fresh green plum fruit in Zhejiang Province has reached 30,000 tons. Jiangsu (mainly hilly areas such as Yixing and Liyang) has also formed large-scale production of green plum trees. In addition, the output of green plums in Guangdong and southern Fujian is estimated to exceed 100,000 tons in recent years. (According to the latest report from the domestic commercial sector, the total output of China's green plums in 2009 was as high as 132,000 tons).

However, the international market is always uncertain. Since countries such as Japan and South Korea have suffered from the international financial crisis since 2008, the number of ume trees purchased in China has plummeted, causing the total export volume of China's umea to decline by about 50%, and the plums of major Ume production areas such as Jiangsu and Zhejiang. The purchase price of fresh fruit has dropped to 1.2 yuan per kilogram in 2009, causing heavy loss to farmers. Since 2008, the backlog of a large number of green plums in southern China's plum-producing areas has been serious and it is urgent to find a way out.

Downstream product development is imminent
In fact, China has not actually formed a downstream product development chain for the plum, unlike Japan and South Korea and other East Asian neighboring countries that have long had the habit of consuming green plum products. In addition, Japan and South Korea have formed green plum health food market after the 1990s. In China, fresh green plums are not used as raw materials for making candied fruit but are used for other purposes. It is understood that the best-selling green plum health care products on the international market mainly include young plum vinegar, green plum juice, green plum powder, green plum flakes (a type of candy for tablets) and other similar products. The United States and other developed countries have the best sales of green vinegar because it has a cosmetic effect. In Japan and South Korea, sales of plum juice beverages and traditional “sour plum broth” and other plum beverages are well sold, and plum wine sales are followed. In Japan, people used to have the habit of eating salted green plums. Young Japanese people no longer have this custom.

In the past few years, enterprises in China's Ume production areas have been tempted to develop downstream products of green plum fresh fruit. According to reports, a company in Pan'an County, Fujian Province, in 2009 used bio-engineering technology to process green plum fresh fruit into a sweet and palatable fruit filling, and developed a new product, such as "Green Moon Cake" and other low-sugar health moon cakes. The company will plan to expand its production of green moon cakes to 250 tons (total output value of 15 million yuan) this year. The traditional green plum production bases in Jiangsu Yixing and Jiangsu Puyang are all producing plum wine in large quantities, and are exported to countries such as Japan and South Korea and to the domestic market. Although these attempts initially solved the problem of unsalable sales of some fresh green plums, they still did not embarrass the “food products” in the deep development of green plum health products. The author believes that in order to truly increase the added value of the green plum fresh fruit and increase the economic benefits of the fruit growers, it is only necessary to take the road of developing green plum health products.

British medical researchers recently pointed out: Ume has also enhanced memory. They used mice to do intelligence experiments such as drilling a labyrinth, confirming that the regular use of green plum extracts for experimental animals can enhance their learning ability and memory. British researchers speculate that this phenomenon is most likely related to the fact that Ume contains a large amount of fruit acids. They belong to the category of “strongly alkaline foods” and have a natural health-care effect on the brain. Therefore, it is promising to develop a market for green plum health care products. Domestic enterprises should increase the development of green plum health products, so that valuable green plum fruit resources can be turned into high-value health care products.

Related Links
Green plum health care new products and their main components:

Ome beauty mask is mainly composed of vitamin E acetate, BHT, methyl paraben, plant collagen, aloe vera, green tea extract, and green plum extract.

Meimei thin tea main components: plum powder, green tea powder, angelica extract, hypericin, L-carnitine and so on.

Natural essential oils (for aromatherapy) Main ingredients: Plum oil, tea seed oil, mango oil and almond oil.

Plum tea The main component is a spray-dried powder of green plum juice and green tea, which can be brewed with hot water into a cup of delicious hot tea. The tea has the health effects of lowering blood pressure, lowering blood pressure and lowering blood sugar, and is very popular in the international market. Our country has already produced Mei tea exports.

Green plum / pomegranate lozenge According to the manufacturer's introduction, the lozenge taste sweet and sour taste, with hypolipidemic and hypoglycemic and other health effects. Because pomegranate juice has an anti-cancer effect, green plum juice has an anti-cardiovascular effect. After the green plum juice and pomegranate juice are spray-dried and then compressed into tablets, it is convenient to carry and can be used as a leisure food, which can be said to serve two purposes.

Green plum fruit tea The main components of the fruit tea products are: plum juice, lemon juice, green tea, and mint leaf extract. The mouthfeel is clear and delicious.

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