Technical Specifications for Feeding and Management of Black Chicken in Qingfengshan, Three Gorges

Welcome to the company's website: Scope This standard specifies the requirements for the feeding conditions of the Three Gorges Qingfeng Black Chickens, and the feeding and management of breeders and broilers. This standard applies to the feeding and management of the Three Gorges Heiqingfeng chicken. 2. Normative references The clauses in the following documents have been adopted as references to this standard. For dated references, subsequent amendments (not including errata content) or revisions do not apply to this standard. However, parties that have reached an agreement based on this standard are encouraged to study whether the latest versions of these documents can be used. . For undated references, the latest version is applicable to this standard. GB 16548 Regulation of harmless treatment of meat carcasses and their products GB/T 18407.3 Safety and quality of agricultural products Environmental requirements for pollution-free livestock and poultry meat production site NY 5027 Pollution-free food Animal and poultry drinking water quality NY 5030 Pollution-free food Animal husbandry and animal husbandry medicine Guidelines for use NY 5037 Guidelines for the use of broiler feeds for non-environmental hazards 3. Feeding requirements 3.1. Selection of sites for the rearing sites should be in accordance with the requirements of GB/T 18407.3, and the terrain should be high and dry, with good soil quality, sunny winds, convenient transportation, quiet environment, and epidemic prevention. Isolation conditions are good, and there is a certain degree of slope. 3.2. The construction of a coop in a chicken house requires heat preservation, good ventilation, sufficient sunlight, and a corresponding breeding ground. The shed is oriented north or southeast. It also has rodent-proof and animal-proof facilities. 3.3. Water source, water quality Water source requirements are sufficient, and the water quality should meet the requirements of NY 5027. 3.4 Feed nutrient indicators 3.4.1 Seed nut nutrition indicators are shown in Table 1. The project age of 0 ~ 67 ~ 1213 - opening production egg phase metabolism, MJ/KG11.5 ~ 11.911.6 ~ 12.111.6 ~ 12.110.8 ~ 11.3 crude protein,% 18 ~ 1915 ~ 1613 ~ 1415 ~ 16 calcium, %0.90~1.000.90~1.000.90~1.002.5~3.0 available phosphorus, %0.40~0.450.35~0.400.35~0.400.35~0.40 table salt, %0.37~0.450.37~0.450.37~0.450. 37-0.45 lysine, %0.90-1.000.80-0.900.70-0.750.70-0.75 methionine + cystine, %0.70-0.750.65-0.700.55-0.600.55-0.603.4.2, broiler feed Nutritional indicators Nutritional indicators for 0-6 weeks of age for chicks are shown in Table 1. Feed nutrient indicators for medium and large chickens are shown in Table 2. Weekly metabolism, MJ/KG crude protein, % calcium, % available phosphorus, % salt, % lysine, % methionine + cystine, %7~1210.6~10.913.3~140.90~1.000.35~0.400.37 ~0.450.65~0.720.65~0.7013~Listed 9.9~10.110~10.50.90~1.000.35~0.400.37~0.450.50~0.550.55~0.603.5. The feed hygiene index should meet the requirements of NY5037. 4. Breeding and Management of Breeding Chickens 4.1. Breeding and Management of Broiler Breeding Period 4.1.1. Brooding Period: O to 6 weeks old. 4.1.2, feed requirements Chicks should use high quality full price, good palatability, easy to digest broken granules or meet the nutrition requirements in Table 1 compound feed. 4.1.3, open the drink and eat chickens into the brooding room, after a proper rest can be opened and should be preceded by eating. When drinking, warm water of about 25°C can be used to assist chicks to drink by hand. After drinking, they cannot be cut off. The first day of drinking water can add 0.1mg/kg of potassium permanganate or antibiotics. After you drink, you can start eating. The best time to eat is from 24h to 36h after shelling (or when 1/3 of chicks have foraging behavior). When you eat, you can sprinkle chicken chopped granules on paper or plastic film for chicks to eat freely. 4.1.4 Feeding points Feeding should be regular, quantitative, and less frequent meals. Feed only 80% of full meals per meal. Each feed should be controlled within 15min to 20min. Spread the fish before 3 days of age, and use a feed tray or feed tank (barrel) after 3 days of age. After 1 week of age, chopped young tender feed (tender grass, greens, leeks, etc.) should be fed properly, and some sand can also be added to help digestion. 4.1.5, temperature control ground brood The first week under the lamp temperature is 32 °C ~ 35 °C, the indoor space temperature is 28 °C ~ 30 °C: after the weekly drop of 2 °C ~ 3 °C, until 20 °C ~ 22 °C. At the same time, the temperature should be adjusted to the optimal range according to the behavior of chicks, their cry, their status, their seasons, and their differences between day and night. 4.1.6, Relative Humidity from 0 to 10 days of age is 60% to 70%, and from 50% to 60% after 10 days of age. 4.1.7, 3 days before light brooding, should maintain 24h light, light intensity of 2 watts ~ 3 watts / m, 4 eyes after the age, there should be more than 17 hours of light each day. 4.1.8 Ventilation and brooding room At the same time of heat preservation, attention should be paid to ventilation and ventilation. 4.1.9. Feeding methods and density Feeding methods can be divided into ground level raising and online feeding. The rearing density was 20/m to 25/m and 30/m to 35/m. 4.1.10. Clustering Groups are grouped according to their size and strength, and each small group is recommended to be around 1,000. 4.1.11. Broiler chicks were debrided for the first time around the age of 10 days, and the second one was performed at the age of 100 days. 4.2. Breeding and Management of Breeding Period of Chickens 4.2.1 The period of 7 weeks to 12 weeks of growing period is the early period of rearing, 13 weeks of age to the beginning of the rearing period. 4.2.2. Feeding methods adopt the combination of ground level raising and stocking. 4.2.3. Feed Nutrition Requirements Feed nutrient indicators during the breeding period should meet the requirements of Table 1, and gradually transition from broiler chicken feed to broiler feed. At the later stage of the rearing period, 30% to 50% of green roughage such as rice, rice bran, and green vegetables should be gradually added to the feed nutrition index. 4.2.4. Restricting the rearing period should properly limit the amount of feed, so that the pre-employment weight of the hens is 1.2kg to 1.5kg, and the weight of the cocks prior to breeding is between l.5kg and 1.8kg. When restricting food intake, it is necessary to ensure that sufficient clean drinking water is provided. 4.2.5. Artificial illumination should be performed every day for 3 h to 5 h before 10 weeks of age, and natural illumination should be used after 10 weeks of age. 4.2.6, regular weighing Weighing once a week, weighing the amount of sampling by 3% to 5%. According to the weighing results, the amount of feed can be timely adjusted to ensure that the flock is balanced and tidy. 4.2.7. Grouping at the same time according to the male and female, size, and strength. The same chicken house should be reared with the same age and bred species, and the unqualified bred chickens should be removed in time. 4.2.8. Insect repellents are usually firstly dewormed at 60 days of age and secondly dewormed at about 100 days of age. 4.2.9 Regular Cleaning and Disinfection Regular cleaning and disinfection of chicken coops, playgrounds, and utensils. 4.2.10. Regularly do preventive work and drug prevention. Do a good job of vaccination and drug prevention work according to the immunization program. The use of drugs should comply with NY 5030 regulations. 4.2.11. Treatment of dead chickens should be conducted in accordance with the requirements of GB 16548. 4.3, feeding and management during the laying period 4.3.1, feed requirements Dietary nutrition indicators should meet the requirements of Table 1, and gradually from the late bred chicken material transition to laying hens. The breeding of roosters should be based on the fertilization rate of the eggs. Based on the feed nutrient parameters in the egg production period in Table 1, the crude protein is increased to 17% to 18%, and cod liver oil and vitamin E are supplemented appropriately. 4.3.2 Daily feed intake and feeding method The average daily feed intake of the breeding chickens is 90g to 100g, which is divided into two feeds in the morning and evening. In the hot summer season, the feed intake can be increased at around 10pm. Conditional male and female chickens can be fed separately. 4.3.3 Feeding methods and density Feeding methods are divided into ground flat raising and cage raising. The rearing density is 3/m to 5/m and 6/m to 8/m, respectively. Site 1m/only. 4.3.5, temperature, humidity and ventilation suitable temperature of 18 °C ~ 24 °C, relative humidity of 50% to 55%, the chicken house should pay attention to ventilation, keep indoor air fresh, site dry 4.3.6, light from the bred During the period of transition to the laying season, the light must be gradually increased. The light intensity should be 2 watts to 3 watts per meter per day for 1.0 h per week to 17 h per day, and the illumination time and intensity should be relatively stable. 4.3.7 Egg-laying The egg-laying training for the first-time hens should be done. The eggs should be chopped 2 or 3 times a day. 4.3.8. Wake-up of nest hens The physical wake-up call wakes up when the hen is just starting to nest. 4.3.9 Regular anti-epidemic and drug prevention work shall be carried out in accordance with 4.2.9 of this standard. 5. Feeding and management of broilers 5.1. Classification of feeding phases Broiler rearing and management is divided into three stages, namely 0 to 6 weeks old chicks, 7 to 12 weeks old chickens and 13 weeks old before listing. The big chicken stage. 5.2. The feeding and management of chickens shall be carried out in accordance with 4.1 of this standard. 5.3, feeding and management in the chicken stage 5.3.1, feeding methods using ground leveling and stocking combined. 5.3.2, feed requirements According to the feed nutrition indicators in Table, feeding and management points from the brooding period into the chicken stage, pay attention to the gradual transition, can not suddenly change the feed, temperature and environment. In the chicken feed, 20% to 30% of whole grain rice or green roughage such as sweet potatoes and vegetables should be added to the feed. At the same time, it is necessary to properly limit the feeding, generally feeding once in the morning and at night, and feeding some green and juicy feed at noon. 5.3.4 Do regular anti-epidemic and drug prevention work in accordance with the provisions of 4.2.9 of this standard. 5.4, ​​feeding and management of large chickens 5.4.1, feeding methods and density Feeding methods using ground leveling and stocking combination, breeding density of 16 / square ~ 20 / square. The stocking farm can use the orchard land, bamboo woodland, and farmland harvested after the crops to be stocked. The stocking farm requires 3m or more, and it is better to have more than two stocking sites for raising. A number of gravel pools were set up in the stocking area, and pergolas and perches were built. 5.4.2 Feed Requirements In the feed nutrition indicators in Table 2, protein sources should use plant proteins such as soybean meal, peanut meal, etc., and each chicken should have 50g to 100g of green and blue succulent feed per day. The use of feed and feed additives should comply with NY5037. 5.4.3. Feeding management points From the chicken to the big chicken stage, attention should be paid to the gradual transition. In the feed, 30% to 50% of the whole grain of rice or green roughage of sweet potatoes, vegetables, etc. should be added and allowed to be fully stocked. Activities, other feeding and management points are implemented according to 5.3.3 of this standard. 5.4.4 Routine prevention and drug prevention work shall be carried out in accordance with 4.2.9 of this standard. Contact person: Mr. Yuan phone QQ

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