The pig price is in the doldrums, the expected price is high, there is no profit for raising pigs, and pig farmers have no confidence! However, as the owner of the farmer's farmer, how can this situation be changed to realize the development of the pig farm from loss to failure and from small to large?
The guiding ideology that enterprise managers should possess in a sluggish pig price situation is to ensure safe production on pig farms, reduce pig raising costs, and minimize unnecessary losses.
One is to learn to eliminate. Pigs that are in poor health are not required for feeding and treatment and should be eliminated immediately. These pigs grow slowly, have a high feed-to-weight ratio, and are prone to becoming infectious sources.
The second is to reduce the stocking density of commercial pigs. In the case of a good pig market, more pigs will make more money. However, when the market is poor, it will not necessarily make money, and even a loss will occur. However, if the stocking density is too large, the order of the pig population is often disrupted and the number of battles is increased. Pigs not only consume too much feed, but are prone to stress, and their resistance to the disease is reduced. Therefore, there is no benefit to overdose. .
The third is to adjust the feed formula of commercial pigs on the premise of ensuring the nutritional level and reduce the cost of feeding.
The fourth is to do a good job of disinfection and extermination. This is a prerequisite for ensuring safe production on the farm. The main sources of infection on pig farms are sick pigs, sub-health pigs, pig excreta and their pollutants, people, vehicles, visitors, introduced breeding pigs, wild animals, and production tools.
Fifth, attach importance to epidemic prevention and deworming work to ensure that pigs are healthy. According to the actual situation in this field, the development of immunization procedures based on the monitoring of antibodies, and periodic prevention of insecticides and disease prevention of pigs at all stages is an effective measure to ensure the healthy production of pigs and should be done well.
The sixth is to seize the opportunity to eliminate the breeding pigs with poor performance, improve the conception fertility, the number of births, and the amount of milk produced by the sows and reduce the cost of raising the animals. The gilts were introduced or selected from around 50 kg, and were sold for about 95 kg to the first pig's product pig weight, which took about a year. In the case of good market conditions, it is understandable to delay the elimination time of poorly-performing sows. However, in the case of poor market conditions, it is not appropriate to adopt such a practice.
Therefore, when market conditions are poor, it is a good time to eliminate inferior breeders and introduce excellent breeders. At this time, the introduction price will be lower.
Seventh, artificial insemination technology is used to reduce the cost of raising boars.
The advantages of artificial insemination technology include: fully exert the hereditary properties of excellent boars, rapidly improve the quality of offspring, reduce the risk of epidemics, and reduce the number of breeding boars for boars, thereby reducing the cost of rearing. In this case, a 10,000 pig farm needs to keep 23 boars, but when artificial insemination is used, 6 to 8 boars will suffice, which will save 50,000 to 60,000 yuan in feed costs.
Eighth is to provide a suitable living environment for pigs, which is an important condition for ensuring the healthy production of pig farms.
What measures should be taken by pig farms to increase production levels and reduce feed costs?
First, we must implement the all-in, all-out management model, cut off the channels of transmission, eliminate the source of infection, and prevent the occurrence of epidemics.
Secondly, boars and sows were separately reared from a body weight of 25 kg in order to reduce feeding costs. Boars have large feed intake, fast growth, and easy deposition of fat, resulting in feed wastage. Therefore, boars and sows are fed different feeds at a body weight of about 60 kg.
Third, do a good job of keeping pigs warm and teach trough management. During the first week of weaning, the ambient temperature was controlled at 28Â°C to 30Â°C, which is conducive to safe weaning. After that, reduce it by 2Â°C per week until it reaches a suitable temperature of 20Â°C to 22Â°C.
Fourth, strengthen the feeding and management of lactating sows. To improve the mating rate, the number of births, and the survival rate of the pigs, the management of the sows should be well managed so that the sows have higher milk yields, and the fast growth of the pigs, which in turn increases the weaning weight. It will lay a good foundation for the rapid and healthy growth of finishing pigs in the future.
Fifth, strengthen the rearing of finishing pigs. Under the premise of not lowering the nutrient level, the high-nutrition level feed formulation was adjusted to a low-cost formula, that is, the crude protein content in pigs at the early stage (60 kg to 80 kg) was reduced by 0.5%, and the pigs were in the late stage (80 kg to 100 kg). Crude protein content decreased by 0.5% to 1%. However, nutrient balances that are too low in formula need to pay attention to nutrient balance, and they must not be low in nutrients and limited in feeding to prevent health problems.
Sixth, we highly value the killer of feedâ€”mycotoxin. Mycotoxins can make sows and puppies red and swollen, estrus delayed or even estrus, repeated infertility, miscarriage, etc.; newborn pigs thin, diseased and eight-legged number increased, the weaning weight decreased; pigs growing and finishing thin gray Therefore, the effect of treatment with antibiotics has been poor. Pay attention to checking the quality of feed and raw materials. Look for whether the feed has a fever and musty taste; it should be noted that the feed intake of the whole pig is reduced or not eaten, or that only some pigs have this problem.
Seventh, all the following unfavorable environmental factors such as high breeding density, poor air quality, improper temperature and humidity, unreasonable structure of pig houses, poor sanitation, inadequate feed management, and insufficient drinking water for pigs must be highly valued. Improve.
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